As we have seen, God says that the Quran is protected and free from all
contradictions. God brings testimony to His statement by the fact that
the Quran is His own word. By analogy, we deduced in Chapter 6 that
hadiths could not constitute a source for religion as they clashed even
with the Quran. These discrepancies are proofs of our contention. We
shall be witnessing the fact that truth and falsehood are inextricably
mixed together. It would be worth while to note that even though, when
a given hadith does not conflict with the Quran and is not contrary to
reason, it does not necessarily follow that it is the word of the
Prophet and need not be taken as such. Religion cannot be based on such
conjectures. Therefore no hadith can be considered having a religious
116 If you obey the majority of people on earth, they will
divert you from the path of God. They follow only conjecture, they only
guess. 6 The Cattle, 116
36 Most of them follow nothing but conjecture. Surely,
conjecture is no substitute for the truth. God is fully aware of
everything they do. But most of them follow nothing but fancy: truly
fancy can be of no avail against truth. Verily God is well aware of all
they do. 10 Jonah, 36
We are warned against abiding by conjectures. To try to found
religious concepts on conjectures like hadiths would be baseless, since
we have been provided with a miraculous, guarded and sound source
without any contradiction like the Quran. Now we are going to
illustrate the incongruity between hadiths in 10 examples.
1) DRAWING BLOOD DURING FAST
The first contradictory hadith: Drawing blood violates a fast. Tirmizi Fast, Abu Davud Fast, Bukhari Fast.
The second contradictory hadith: Drawing blood was administered to the Prophet while observing the fast. Abu Davud Fast, Tirmizi Fast, Bukhari Medicine.
It goes without saying that had drawing blood violated his fast,
the Prophet would not have let his blood be taken. It is explicitly
stated in the Quran that eating, drinking and sexual intercourse are
the three things that violate a fast. This shows that not only the two
hadiths exclude each other but the first also contradicts the Quran.
This quotation from three books considered the most reliable is
evidence of the infiltration of false hadiths into books.
2) TURNING TOWARD MECCA DURING URINATION OR DEFECATION
The first contradictory hadith: You must not turn yourself to Mecca while you are urinating or defecating. Hanbal
The second contradictory hadith: Having witnessed that
certain people avoided turning toward Mecca while urinating or
defecating, the Prophet had his toilet designed pointing to Mecca to
avoid pandering superstitions. Bukhari
Whereas in one hadith it is stressed that one should not direct
oneself toward Mecca while urinating or defecating, in another, the
Prophet is illustrated doing exactly the contrary of what is firmly
believed. As one can see, to ascribe things to the Prophet devoid of
any justification is to cast aspersion on him.
3) KISSING ONES WIFE DOES NOT VIOLATE ONES FAST
The first contradictory hadith: The Prophet kissed his wife when he was fasting. Ibn Kutayba-Defene of Hadith
The second contradictory hadith: When he was asked if ones fast would be considered violated, the Prophet answered in the affirmative. Ibn Kutayba-Defense of Hadith
These hadiths figure also in the Kutub-ı Sitte, the famous
six-volume collection of hadiths. We came across these hadiths that
tried to reconcile contradictory hadiths in Ibn Kutaybas book. The
illogicality and contradictoriness of hadiths can plainly be seen in
Ibn Kutaybas book. The Prophet kisses his wife according to one
hadith, while he does not do so according to another. At least one of
them must be false. To take both of them as true would be superfluous
and would claim that the Prophet is a senile old man.
4) CAN ONE PERFORM THE SALAT (RITUAL PRAYER) TWICE?
The first contradictory hadith: If a man performs the salat at home and then performs the same salat once more, the second one will be superfluous. Ibn Kutayba - Defense of Hadiths
The second contradictory hadith: Do not perform the same salat twice. Abu Davud
The second hadith contradicts both the first hadith and the Quran.
A superfluous prayer could not possibly be frowned on. This approach
would prevent the faithful from invoking God once more.
The first contradictory hadith: If someone says to you that the Prophet urinated standing, dont believe him. Sunneni Nesei
The second contradictory hadith: The Prophet went to the garbage dump of a tribe and urinated standing. Bukhari
We observe that this practice has occupied a place in traditional
Islam. This rumored practice of the Prophet led the public in general
to urinate squatting down on ones heels. Urinating standing came to be
considered an unseemly act.
6) DRINKING WATER
The first contradictory hadith: Drinking water while standing was prohibited by the Prophet. Abu Davud
The second contradictory hadith: I saw the Prophet drinking water standing like you and me. Abu Davud
The first hadith above received greater approval among the public
although it clashed with the second one. Today we observe among the
followers of practices of traditional Islam, people drinking water in
the sitting position and in three gulps, expecting thereby to have
performed a pious act.
7) MENSTRUAL PERIOD
The first contradictory hadith: Having entered the courtyard of the mosque, the Prophet said: The woman in the menstrual period shall not step in the mosque. Muslim Hayz, Abu Davud Taharat, Tirmizi Taharat, Nesai Hayz
The second contradictory hadith: The Prophets wife spoke as follows: The
Prophet rested his head on our knees and recited the Quran, although we
were in menstrual period. We used to take certain things to the Prophet
who was in the mosque while we were in menstrual period. Nesa, Hay.
While the first hadith above bars the way to woman during her
menstrual period, the second speaks that she had free access to it.
(The womans prohibition from worship under certain conditions is dealt
with in Chapters 21 and 35, and in the section on salat in Chapter 36.)
8) CAN SOMEONE ON PILGRIMAGE GET MARRIED?
The first contradictory hadith: The Prophet was on pilgrimage when he married Maymune. Sunneni Nesei
The second contradictory hadith: A person on pilgrimage cannot get married nor can he ask the hand of someone, or marry couples. Sunneni Nesei
The details of the ritual to be performed during the visit to Mecca
for pilgrimage purposes are described in the Quran. When this
information seems insufficient and people start looking for
supplementary details and consult the relevant hadiths, a chaos of
9) CAN A MANS CALF BE UNCOVERED?
The first contradictory hadith: To a companion whose calf was not covered the Prophet said: Cover your calf as it is your privy parts Tahzibut Tazhib
The second contradictory hadith: The prophet was in a
reclining position at his house with his calves uncovered. Abu Bakr
asked permission to be admitted into his presence. The Prophet nodded
consent without changing his position. Omar followed suit and he
received the same approval. Hanbal
According to one of the hadiths, man must cover his calf, while
according to another; this is countered by the fact that the Prophet
had not changed his position despite his uncovered calves. Certain
sects inspired by the first hadith above brought in a prohibition for
men whose part of the body extending from his waist down to his knees
had to be covered.
10) THE SKIN OF DEAD ANIMAL
The first contradictory hadith: The
Prophet said: A tanned skin becomes clean. Then he came across the
carcass of a sheep and he said: Why dont you use its skin? Bukhari
The second contradictory hadith: The Prophet said: You should not utilize the skin of a dead animal. Hanbal
According to the Quran, the flesh of a dead animal should not be
eaten. There is no mention of a ban against the use of the skin of a
dead animal. According to the hadiths above, the account differs as
well you may observe.
While there is no contradiction in the Quran, to trace the
authenticity of the alleged hadiths has led us nowhere. The Prophets
complaint in the next world was as follows:
30 The messenger will say: O my Lord! My people have deserted this Quran. 25 The Distinguisher, 30
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